With investors losing faith in the willingness or ability of the Turkish government to respond to their concerns over inflation and deteriorating relations with the US, the country's currency fell into crisis last week.
After losing 22.2% of its value against the dollar between last Thursday and Monday, the lira rebounded over 7% this morning.
As Turkey's foreign exchange volatility continues, we share the views of seven fund managers on what the future holds.
Investment director, GAM
'Turkey has a toxic combination of a weak external position (current account deficit), excessive private sector debt and a high level of foreign funding in the banking system.
'This is coming to a head as a much-needed demand slowdown is causing asset quality problems in the banks. The role of construction in the economy for example is comparable with that in Spain or Ireland ahead of the European bust.
'The Turks have exhausted the possibilities of rate hikes, and are backed into a corner by their inadequate level of currency reserves (the IMF thinks that Turkey has the least adequate level of reserves of the major EM economies).
'Our strongly-held negative view on Turkey remains intact and we have not covered any risk.'
Portfolio manager, Nikko Asset Management
'Tightening grip over dissidents and “unfriendly” media, coupled with an accommodative stance of both fiscal and monetary policy aimed at boosting Turks’ prosperity and in turn Erdogan’s popularity, was orchestrated to deliver a crushing victory in the upcoming presidential and parliamentary elections in 2019.
'Recent changes to the central bank charter, with respect to personal appointments, are set to further undermine the institution’s strength and credibility by making it even more susceptible to political pressure.
'We fear that an environment of heightened risk premia in Turkish assets is unlikely to abate any time soon, with heightened volatility in both bond and currency markets.
'In this stagflationary environment, banks’ asset quality is also likely to deteriorate, but given the relative strength of the sector, the risk to financial stability ought to be contained, hence a credit crisis should be avoided.'
Portfolio manager, Fidelity International
'Investor confidence in president Erdogan’s regime has been waning for much of the past year but key cabinet changes made after the June 24th elections have been particularly damaging for sentiment.
'The markets have been voting with their feet with foreign investors pulling money out of the country, exactly the opposite of what Turkey needs given its balance of payments instability.
'If we do see capital controls in Turkey they would need to be done in combination with other measures to be effective.
'The solution to its latest crisis are obvious to many market participants, the key however is whether there is the domestic political willingness from the government to adopt them.'
Emerging market debt fund manager, Old Mutual Global Investors
'At this stage, the lack of credible policy response is pushing Turkish asset prices into a tailspin.
'There is little hope for a return to orthodox policies at this stage.
'A sizable rate hike followed by drastic measures of fiscal consolidation still appear as the most viable option to re-anchor the lira and pull the Turkish economy from the brink.
'We doubt the political will is there in Turkey and so more pain might be needed to force policy action.'
Portfolio adviser, East Capital
'What we experienced on August 10 may be best called a crisis of confidence.
'President Erdogan’s impulsive comments on the currency created exactly the opposite effect, leading to the lira experiencing its second worst day in 25 years.
'We, along with several other long term investors, will be waiting for the crisis of confidence to be defeated with a well-formulated, decisively implemented economic policy.
'Neither foreign nor local investors welcome the “populistic rhetoric but pragmatic action” equation, especially when the action diverges away from being pragmatic as far as economic policies are concerned.'
Head of total return strategy, Finisterre Capital
'Although the starting point in external indebtedness looked manageable, the acceleration of currency weakness and local interest rates has led to market worries over debt dynamics sustainability, as reflected in an inversion of both the external and local debt curves.
'Policy reaction over the past three months has been focused on monetary policy – liquidity tightening and rates hikes – but was often late and lower than expected.
'In many ways Turkey still controls its destiny at this point, and a credible policy inflection now would likely put an end to the negative feedback loop. But timing is of the essence.
'A continuation of the policy status quo will create more pressure on the banking and corporate sectors, via currency depreciation and the need to refinance external credit lines.'
Emiel van den Heiligenberg
Head of asset allocation, Legal & General Investment Management
'With the lira in free-fall, what might the catalyst be for currency support?
'We think risks are now two-sided as the vast majority of the market is bearish on Turkey, while short positions pay a significant negative carry.
'Furthermore, diplomatic relationships could improve, and Erdogan could bow to pressure from small businesses (who are key supporters and suffering from currency weakness) and become more market-friendly.
'We have been dipping our toe in to the Turkish lira and built up a small long position on Friday.'