How three decades of crises shaped equity returns

Political and economic problems can devastate stock prices in the short term, but what are the longer-term effects?

Schroders has compiled data looking at the impact of unwelcome events on the FTSE All Share index over the last three decades, with the result reaffirming the importance of staying calm in a crisis.

Fund manager Nick Kirrage said: 'People can lose touch with just how bad things have looked and been in the past... That can lead to them taking – or failing to take – actions that can harm their personal wealth for decades to come.

'The reality is that there is no ‘perfect’ time to put money into the stock market.'

Take a look at how 29 troubles have truly impacted returns.

 

Junk Bond Crisis – 1989

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
761 36.1% 12.0% 5.2% £1,291 £1,068 £948

Recession – 1990

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
687 -9.7% 13.6% 7.0% £1,074 £1,066 £882

India economic crisis – 1991

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
830 20.8% 10.6% 7.5% £1,091 £1,033 £815

UK pulls out of the ERM – 1992

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
1000 20.5% 8.2% 4.3% £1,268 £1,042 £780

Swedish banking crisis – 1993

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
1,284 28.4% 5.7% 2.5% £1,596 £1,036 £761

Balkan War – 1994

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
1209 -5.8% 5.4% 2.0% £1,471 £1,039 £746

Tequila Crisis – 1995

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
1497 23.9% 5.6% 2.7% £1,783 £1,035 £726

Fed questions stock valuations – 1996

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
1747 16.7% 4.5% 2.5% £2,037 £1,028 £708

Asian crisis – 1997

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
2,159 23.6% 5.5% 1.8% £2,480 £1,044 £695

Russian financial crisis – 1998

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
2,456 13.8% 6.3% 1.6% £2,782 £1,057 £684

Argentine economic crisis – 1999

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
3,051 24.2% 4.7% 1.3% £3,419 £1,044 £675

Dotcom bubble – 2000

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
2,870 -5.9% 5.5% 0.8% £3,190 £1,058 £670

9/11 terrorist attack – 2001

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
2,489 -13.3% 4.6% 1.2% £2,726 £1,047 £662

War in Iraq – 2002

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
1,924 -22.7% 3.7% 1.3% £2,074 £1,038 £653

War in Iraq – 2003

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
2,326 20.9% 3.7% 1.4% £2,478 £1,038 £644

Terrorist attack in Madrid – 2004

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
2,624 12.8% 4.6% 1.3% £2,763  £1,048  £636 

Hurricane Katrina – 2005

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
 3,203 22%  4.9%  2.1%  £3,315  £1,045  £623 

Housing bubble – 2006

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
 3,739 16.8%  4.7%  2.3%  £3,793  £1,041  £608 

Sub-prime mortgage crisis – 2007

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
3,938  5.3% 5.6%  2.3%  £3,907  £1,051  £594 

Global financial crisis – 2008

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
2,760  -29.9%  5.1%  3.6%  £2,597  £1,034  £573 

Global recession – 2009

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
3,591  30.1%  2.2%  2.2%  £3,323  £1,020  £560 

European sovereign debt crisis – 2010

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
4,112  14.5%  2.8%  3.3%  £3,695  £1,016  £542 

Greek debt crisis – 2011

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
3,970  -3.5%  2.8%  4.5%  £3,403 £1,005  £518 

US heads towards the fiscal cliff – 2012

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
 4,458 12.3%  2.8%  2.8%  £3,725  £1,023  £503 

Russia invades Ukraine – 2013

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
 5,386  20.8% 1.8% 2.6%  £4,404  £1,016  £490 

Brazilian economic crisis – 2014

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
5,449  1.2%  1.5% 1.5%  £4,392  £1,025  £483 

China stock market crash – 2015

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
5,502 1%  1.4%  0%  £4,433  £1,040  £483 

UK votes for Brexit – 2016

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
6,424  16.8%  1.2%  0.7%  £5,147  £1,033  £479 

Rise of populist vote share – 2017

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
7,266  13.1%  1%  2.7%  £5,683  £1,011  £467